Latin name: Musa Orinoco
The banana tree is a large, fast-growing herbaceous plant, its trunk is not woody. It originates from Asia, especially Southeast Asia and the Philippines, but has spread incredibly throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, and today is one of the most cultivated and consumed tropical fruits. The Portuguese contributed greatly to its dissemination in the Atlantic islands and South America.
In Portugal, the banana tree is cultivated on a commercial scale on the island of Madeira, where there are large banana plantations, but it can also be cultivated successfully on the mainland, where there are no frosts and intense cold, especially in sheltered locations, facing south and protected from winds.
It is advisable to have a few square meters available, as the banana tree multiplies and spreads very easily through underground shoots, which give rise to new pseudo-stems, occupying large square meters in just a few years. The banana tree normally reaches between two and a half to three meters in height, but can reach up to nine meters in some cases.
We can obtain much sweeter and tastier fruits in our backyard than imported bananas.
How to Plant:
Banana propagation can be done through seeds, which is more difficult and less common, or from the underground shoots that emerge, popularly called “children”. The best time to propagate the banana plant is from March onwards. Prepare a well-manured hole with the soil well mixed to facilitate rooting.
The banana tree is a vigorous and fast-growing plant, which can produce produce within a year or even less after planting. Each banana tree (or better said, each pseudo-stem), produces only one bunch of bananas, which can weigh up to fifty kilos, after which it dies, leaving many other younger pseudo-stems, which in turn will produce soon . It’s that easy to obtain a banana plantation with great visual impact in a relatively short time.
Banana trees are mainly affected by wind and cold. Temperatures below 4ºC can prove fatal.
The banana tree is an easy-to-grow plant, which in addition to all the benefits of the fruit, also allows you to create a tropical corner in your garden.
(source: revista jardins)